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Adolphus Phillip Wolf

117th Illinois Volunteer Infantry



     Adolphus Phillip Wolf was born 11 June 1841 at 409 South Buchanan Street, Edwardsville, Illinois, in a brick residence built in 1820 by Benjamin Stephenson.  He was of German ancestry.

      Wolf graduated from the Edwardsville school system at the age of seventeen and was sent to Philadelphia to learn the trade of coach making.  While there the Civil War commenced, and on 21 April 1861 he enlisted in Company F of the 19th Pennsylvania.  This was a short term enlistment, and when he was discharged, he returned to Edwardsville.

     At the age of 21, Wolf helped to organize Company F of the l17th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, and enlisted 11 August 1862.  He was made a corporal – which he was to hold throughout the war – which he said “is a poor office but better than none.”  Also enlisting at this time with Adolphus Wolf was his fifteen-year-old brother, Otto, who became a drummer boy.

     The 117th Illinois, was a fortunate regiment, losing only eleven enlisted men killed and mortally wounded, and four officers and one hundred fifteen enlisted men, by disease – a total of one hundred thirty.  At the end-of-the-war, the Wolf brothers were mustered out at Camp Butler, Illinois, 5th August l865, where their military career had started.


[Source:  Madison County Historical Museum & Archival Library, Edwardsville, IL.]


Letters of Adolphus Phillip Wolf, 1862

Letters of Adolphus Phillip Wolf, 1863

Letters of Adolphus Phillip Wolf, 1864


Typed-transcript copies of the Civil War letters of Otto Wolf were made available by:
Madison County Historical Museum & Archival Library

715 North Main Street

Edwardsville, Illinois 62025

(618) 656-7562

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